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The Sloedam was during the war a narrow causeway with a railway next to a road. This dam connected the island of Walcheren with Zuid-Beveland in the east. Both long sides of the dam were part of an estuary, which was flooded at high tides. This dam was a stratigical obstacle during the German invasion in 1940 and at the liberation by the allies in 1944. An excellent and vast book on all the battles in this area, is noted in our Sources. In the war, the Germans have made some defences here, it was called Stützpunkt Scharnhorst. It covered the southern and the northern part of the dam at the Zuid-Beveland side. An inland fieldbattery with 2 x 10,5 cm guns covered the dam.

The island of Walcheren lies on the left.